Sedimentary petrology characteristics and their implications for provenance of Hoanh Bo Basin Neogene system in Quang Ninh province, north-eastern Vietnam

Tha Van Hoang, Anna Wysocka, Cuong Quoc Nguyen, Phan Dong Pha, Piotr Ziółkowski


The Hoanh Bo Basin has developed over multiple periods since the Miocene period in association with the tectonic activity of the Chi Linh-Hon Gai and Trung Luong Faults. The basin is filled with Neogene continental sediments, comprising mainly polymictic conglomerates, sandstones, siltstones, claystones, and shales. Coarser-grained polymictic deposits predominate along the northern and western margins of the basin, whereas different types of siltstones, claystones, and sandstones occur in its centre, as well as along its southern and eastern parts, toward the Ha Long Bay. The conglomerates and sandstones are composed mainly of quartz and sedimentary rock fragments, and a small amount of mica. Cement is mainly built of iron-oxide, clay or carbonate mud. The source area for the Hoanh Bo Basin sediments was located in the close vicinity of the basin. It was built of strongly weathered rocks of the Hon Gai, Ha Coi, Cat Ba Formations.


conglomerate, sandstone, petrography, Hoanh Bo Basin, Neogene, Vietnam

Full Text:



Boggs S. Jr., 2009. Petrology of sedimentary rocks. Cambridge University Press.

Dickinson W.R. & Suczek C.A., 1979. Plate tectonics and sandstone compositions: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2164–2182.

Dickinson W.R. & Valloni R., 1980. Plate settings and provenance of sands in modern ocean basins. Geology, 8, 82–86.

Dovjikov A.E (ed.), 1965. Geology of North Viet Nam. General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Dzanh T., 1995. Stratigraphic correlation of Neogene sequences of Vietnam and adjacent areas. Journal of Geology, Hanoi, B/5-6, 114–120.

Dżułyński S. & Walton E.K., 1965. Sedimentary features of flysch and greywackes. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam.

Folk R.F. & Ward W.C., 1957. Brazos River bar, a study in the significance of grain-size parameters. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 27, 3–26.

Huyen D.T. (ed.), 2007. Stratigraphy of Phanerozoic deposits in the Dong Bac Bo (NE). Report, Vietnam Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources.

Ingersoll R.V & Suczek C.A., 1979. Petrology and provenance of Neogene sand from Niconbar and Bengal Fans, DSDP sites 211 and 218. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 49, 1217–1228.

Johsson M.J. & Basu A. (eds.), 1993. Processes Controlling the composition of clastic sediments. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 284, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO.

Khuc V. & My B.P. (eds.), 1988. Geology of Vietnam, Part I: Stratigraphy. General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Khuc V., 2001. New discover about stratigraphy of Jurassic sediments in Vietnam collecting in 6 years (1994–1999) and their signification. Journal of Geology, Hanoi, A/263, 6–22.

Ky H.N. (ed.), 1999. Geology and mineral resources of the Hai Phong Map sheet, with the Geological Map of the Ha Long Sheet at 1:200,000 scale. General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Liem N.V., 1985. Late Paleozoic in Vietnam. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.

Luong N.C. (ed.), 1999. Geology and mineral resources of the Ha Long Map sheet, with the Geological Map of the Ha Long sheet, 1:200,000 scale. General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Mack G.H., 1984. Exceptions to the relationship between plate tectonics and sandstone compositions. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 91, 1–21.

Morton A.C., Todd S.P., Haughton P.D.W., 1991. Developments in sedimentary province studies. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 57, Geological Society Publishing House, Bath.

Nhan T.D. & Danh T., 1975. The new discovers about biostratigraphy of the Neogene sediments in the east of Bac Bo. [in:] Nhan T.D. & Danh T. (eds.), Stratigraphic Works, Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi, 244–283.

Patte E., 1927. Etudes géologiques dans I’Est du Tonkin. Bulletin du Service géologiques de I’Indochinhe, 16, 1, 1–332.

Pettijohn F.J., Potter P.E. & Siever R., 1987. Sand and sandstones. 2-nd ed. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Quang P.V., 1969a. The age of the coal-bearing deposits Hon Gai and the development of regional geology in Mesozoic. Journal of Geology, Hanoi, 13–39.

Quang P.V. (ed.), 1969b. Geological and Mineral resources for the coal basins in the northeast of Bac Bo (Quang Ninh) of Vietnam, scale 1:200,000. Report, General Department of Geology and Mineral of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Richard C.S, 2000. Applied sedimentology. Academic Press, London.

Sun D., Bloemendal J., Rea D.K., Vandenberghe J., Jiang F., An, Z. & Su R., 2002. Grain-size distribution function of polymodal sediments in hydraulic and aeolian environments, and numerical partitioning of the sedimentary components. Sedimentary Geology, 152, 263–277.

Suttner L.J., 1974. Sedimentary petrofraphic provinces: an evaluation. [in:] Ross C.A (ed.), Paleogeographic Provinces and Provinciality, Society of Economic Paleontologists And Mineralogists Special Publication, 21, 75–84.

Syvitski J.P.M. (ed.), 1997. Principles, Methods and Application of Particle Size Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Tha H.V., 2016. Reconstruction of depositional environments in the Hoanh Bo Basin (Neogene, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam) [PhD thessis, unpublished].

Tha H.V., Wysocka A., Pha P.D., Cuong N.Q & Ziółkowski P., 2015. Lithofacies and depositional environments of the Paleogene/Neogene sediments in the Hoanh Bo Basin (Quang Ninh province, NE Vietnam). Journal of Geology, Geophysics and Environment, 41, 353–371.

Tha H.V., Wysocka A., Pha P.D., Cuong N.Q., Bac D.T., Ziółkowski P. & Quang N.M., 2014. Lithofacies and depositional environments of the Neogene sediments in the Hoanh Bo Basin (Quang Ninh province – NE Vietnam). [i n:] Book of Abstracts The First International Conference “Scientific-research Coorperation between Vietnam and Poland”, AGH University of Technology, Kraków, 45.

Thanh T.D. & Khuc V., 1995. Stratigraphy of Vietnam : Volume 3. Science and Technology Information Center, Ha Noi.

Thanh T.D. & Khuc V., 2009 (eds). Stratigraphic units of Vietnam. Vietnam National University Publishing House, Hanoi, 526 pp.

Torres V., Vandenberghe J. & Hooghiemstra H., 2005. An environmental reconstruction of the sediment infill of the Bogota ́ basin (Colombia) during the last 3 million years from abiotic and biotic proxies. Journal of Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 226, 27–148.

Tri T.V. & Khuc V., 2009 (eds). Geology and Natural Resources of Vietnam. Natural Science and Technics Publishing House, Hanoi.

Tri T.V., 1977 (ed.). Geology of Viet Nam: The north part. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.

Tru V., Diep V.N., Quan H.Q., Hung L.T. & Hien L.V., 2002. Research on evaluation of oil shale potential in the Hoanh Bo Trough, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. Report, Vietnam Petroleum Institute, Hanoi.

Trung P.Q., Bat D., An N.Q., Khoi D.V. & Hieu D.V., 1999. The new documentation of spore and pollen fossil in the Dong Ho Formation. Journal of Petroleum Geology, Hanoi, 3, 2–8.

Tucker M.E., 2001. Sedimentary Petrology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Tuyen T.T. et al. (ed.), 1995. Geological and Mineral resources Map for group sheets Binh Lieu-Mong Cai, scale 1:50,000. Report, General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, Hanoi.

Uy N.D., 1995. Geological investigation in the Ha Long city. Report, Vietnam Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources, Hanoi.

Valloni R. & Mezzadri G., 1984. Compositional suites of terrigenous deep-sea sands of the present continental margins. Sedimentology, 31, 353–364.

Wysocka A. & Świerczewska A., 2005. Tectonically-controlled sedimentation of Cenozoic deposits from selected basins along the Vietnamese segment of the Red River fault Zone. Acta Geologica Polonica, 55, 131–145.

Wysocka A. & Świerczewska A., 2010. Lithofacies and depositional environments of Miocene deposits from tectonically-controlled basins (Red River Fault Zone, northern Vietnam). Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39, 109–124.

Zuffa G.G., 1980. Hybrid arenites: their composition and classification. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 50, 21–29.

Zuffa G.G., 1985 (ed.). Provenance of arenites. Reidel, Dordrecht.

Zuffa G.G., Normark W.R. & Brunner C.A., 1995. Arenite petrography in sequence stratigraphy. Journal of Geology, 103, 451–459.



  • There are currently no refbacks.