Geology, Geophysics and Environment <p style="text-align: justify;"><img style="float: left; margin-right: 15px; margin-bottom: 5px;" src="" alt="gge" width="200" height="301" /></p> <p>Geology, Geophysics and Environment (eISSN: 2353-0790; ISSN: 2299-8004) is an international, peer-reviewed open access journal. There is no charge to authors for the article processing.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Geology, Geophysics and Environment publishes original papers, articles and notes from the Earth and Environmental Science field. The journal was previously published under the title of Geologia Kwartalnik AGH (AGH Geology Quarterly). The first issue of the journal was published in 1974. In 2012 the title was changed into Geology, Geophysics and Environment.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en">.</span></p> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large XcVN5d tw-ta" dir="ltr" style="text-align: left;" data-placeholder="Tłumaczenie"><span class="Y2IQFc" lang="en"> </span></pre> AGH University Press en-US Geology, Geophysics and Environment 2299-8004 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Licencja Creative Commons" /></a><br /><br /></p> <p>Authors have full copyright and property rights to their work. Their copyrights to store the work, duplicate it in printing (as well as in the form of a digital CD recording), to make it available in the digital form, on the Internet and putting into circulation multiplied copies of the work worldwide are unlimited.</p> <p>The content of the journal is freely available according to the <a href="">Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)</a></p> Front page <p>-</p> - Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-14 2022-04-14 48 1 2 2 Editorial page <p>-</p> - Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 48 1 3 3 Table of contents <p>-</p> - Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 48 1 4 4 Instruction for the authors <p>-</p> - Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 48 1 83 84 Long-term changes in air quality. The case of Pristina (Kosovo) <p>Rapid socio-economic development and urbanization have contributed to the serious deterioration of air quality in many world cities including Pristina, the capital of Kosovo. Through a data-driven analysis of regulatory intervention, this study attempts to examine the effectiveness of air pollution control regulations that have been implemented in Kosovo between 2010–2021. Our results show that the measures enforced during this 10-year period in Kosovo, and particularly in the capital city, have resulted in the reduction of pollution. The applied methods for this research are the standard ones of the Instituti Hidrometeorologjik i Kosovës (Hydrometeorological Institute of Kosovo). All results showed a decrease of each pollutant over the ten years. These changes strongly indicated that the origin of the pollution was traffic and anthropogenic activity, while the power plant was considered to be a less significant source of pollution. The basic pollutants of air quality in Pristina are particulate matter (PM<sub>2.5 </sub>and PM<sub>10</sub>), ozone and nitrogen oxide.</p> Shkumbin Shala Urszula Aleksander-Kwaterczak Fatos Rexhepi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-02-23 2022-02-23 48 1 5 18 10.7494/geol.2022.48.1.5 Long-term trends and factors influencing rainwater chemistry in the Tatra Mountains, Poland <p>The results of rainwater chemistry monitoring in the Tatra Mountains, Poland, during the periods<br />1993–1994 and 2002–2019 were used to determine long-term trends and the factors influencing rainwater chemistry in the last two decades. In the early 1990’s, the study area was characterized by prominent acid rains with a pH of 4.4 that affected surface water, meadows, and forest ecosystems. A rising pH temporal trend has been observed during the following years, indicating improving air quality. This trend has also been observed in measured ionic concentrations and reduced wet deposition loads of sulfur- and nitrogen-containing acid-forming compounds. The neutralization capacity of rainwater in Kasprowy Wierch increased over the last twenty years and has mostly been dominated by NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>. The ammonium availability index has been steadily increasing between years 2002 and 2019 but remains less than 1. This statistically significant relationship also indicates that a portion of neutralization occurs in the lower part of the atmosphere due to ammonium-related neutralization processes. The acidic potential (AP) and the ratio AP/NP (acidic potential/neutralization potential) have been declining during the same time. The stated trends in rainwater chemistry reflect the transformation to more environmentally sustainable economies in the region. Similar changes have been observed in neighboring countries in the region, including Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Lithuania.</p> Jerzy J. Małecki Marek Matyjasik Ewa Krogulec Dorota Porowska Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-10 2022-04-10 48 1 19 38 10.7494/geol.2022.48.1.19 An awkward contaminant: are mercury concentrations in historically collected fossils a result of storage conditions? <p>High concentrations of mercury (Hg), reaching astonishing values in two cases, have recently been detected in Middle and Late Triassic fossil reptile bones, housed for over 100 years in several Polish museum collections. Since no correlation between either the life modes of these taxa or their burial environment was observed, the studied contaminations seem to be associated with housing conditions. The specimens were kept for an extended amount of time in boxes, in which they were stored soon after finding. A proximity of mercury-containing materials, like mercury fulminate, and unstandardized conditions of storage and conservation of the remains may result in contamination of porous bone with mercury. A detailed knowledge about the housing history of old museum collections has great importance to their prospective studies.</p> Dawid Surmik Jerzy Cabała Katarzyna Balin Jacek Szade Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-15 2022-04-15 48 1 39 49 10.7494/geol.2022.48.1.39 Molluscan assemblages in sediments of a landslide on Majerz Hill near Niedzica (Inner Carpathians, Southern Poland) – phases of development and environmental changes <p>A detailed malacological analysis was made of sediments associated with a small landslide which had developed on the north-eastern slope of Majerz Hill near Niedzica (Inner Carpathians, Southern Poland). The age of the development and environmental changes associated with particular phases of the landslide was determined by means of radiocarbon dating. The analyses made it possible to distinguish two periods of landslide activation falling on the turn of the Early/Middle Holocene and on the Late Holocene (probably on the Iron Age Cold Period). These phases are closely related to periods of increased mass movements, both of landslides and debris flows in other European mountains, stages of glacial advance in the Alps, periods of increased fluvial activity in rivers and elevated water levels in European lakes. The molluscan assemblages also enabled the reconstruction of environmental conditions before the landslide formation, during periods of dormancy, and after the end of its activity.</p> Witold Paweł Alexandrowicz Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-20 2022-04-20 48 1 51 68 10.7494/geol.2022.48.1.51 Geological and environmental implications of the utilisation of geothermal energy in the Lahendong working area, Indonesia <p>This study presents the characteristics of the Lahendong geothermal working area (GWA) in terms of the geological, geophysical, geochemical, and environmental implications. The investigated area is located in the Sulawesi North Arm, where the volcanic arc extends from Sangihe Island to Minahasa with two major strike-slip faults. NE–SW (northeast-southwest) trending faults control the thermal surface manifestation. The geothermal field is grouped into two hydrochemical systems: acid-sulphate-chloride (acid reservoir) and chloride (closer to neutral) types. The environmental implication analysis shows that the North Sulawesi province is experiencing water shortages due to excessive mining activities, inadequate wastewater management, and periods of drought. Although geothermal wastewater is being re-injected, the possibility of water contamination by hazardous materials from geothermal power plant activity is still evident. This study reviews the actual geothermal utilisation in the form of the 120 MWe power plant, the 500 kWe binary power plant, while the heat from geothermal energy is used for palm sugar production. Furthermore, the article also analyses the potential of the rational use of geothermal resources in this area. As a result of the high salinity and silica concentration of the brine, the geothermal wastewater should be treated before further utilisation and it potentially benefits both local communities and geothermal companies.</p> Mentari Mukti Barbara Tomaszewska Magdalena Starczewska Eva Oktavia Ningrum Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-21 2022-04-21 48 1 69 82 10.7494/geol.2022.48.1.69