Metasomatic column with the apobasite listvenites end-member from the Slovinky-Gelnica ore field (Gemeric Superunit, Western Carpathians) and comparison to their type localities from Ural

Mária Šimurková


A metasomatic column (or metasomatic zone pattern) is the complete sequence of metasomatic zones characterising an individual metasomatic facies (Zharikov, 2007). The genesis of this column is the result of a series of processes, in the case of basic rock protolith leading to the formation of apobasite listvenites (in the sense of Sazonov, 1975, 1978). It includes three partial processes: 1) carbonatization, 2) silicification and 3) formation of mica (e.g. Plissart et al., 2009) involving the infiltration of a CO2-rich fluids and shows similarity to processes of listvenitisation (e.g. Clayton, 1993). Field research in Slovinky-Gelnica ore field has revealed the presence of such a metasomatic column (cf. Ivan, 1987). It comprises metabasites as the protolith, carbonatised metabasites, listvenite-type metasomatites and listvenites s.s. The metabasites have features of subvolcanic rock types (Ivan, 2009), what makes them comparable with similar rocks from Ural. The petrographic study of selected samples has showed that amphibole, chlorite and albite became progressively unstable in this sequence of alterations, replaced by carbonate, silica and lastly by the muscovite minerals, sericite or fuchsite (Ivan, 1987). Carbonates change their quantity as well as mineralogical composition with the development of the column in two trends of changes: towards Mg-Fe carbonates or Mg-Ca carbonates. Regarding the samples from Ural, Fe-dolomites and ankerites predominate, the metasomatic columns derived from gabbros and dolerites are essentially the same. The geochemical study of rock samples from the study area (22 whole rock analyses) as well as the comparison with similarly metasomatised rock series from Ural (56 analyses) allowed as to give more detailed characterization of the metasomatic column. The most obvious change is a clear increase of K with decreasing Na as a sign of the albite break-up and K-rich minerals (such as muscovite) formation. The increase of LOI and CO2 indicate the process of carbonatisation. Listvenitisation is often associated with the hydrothermal ore veins formation and the rare metal mineralization with concentration of elements such as Au, Co, Sb, Cu, Ni (e.g. Dinel, 2008; Buckman & Ashley 2010). This could be significant as regards the genesis of stratiform ore deposits within the Slovinky-Gelnica ore field.


metasomatic column; listvenites

Full Text:



Buckman, S. & Ashley, P. M., 2010: Silica-carbonate (listwanites) related gold mineralisation associated with epithermal alteration of serpentinite bodies. New England Orogen, 94-105

Clayton, R., 1993. Basalt carbonatisation and its implications for antimony mineralisation in north Cornwall. Proceedings of the Ussher Society, 8, 105-111.

Dinel, E., Fowler, A.D, Ayer, J., Still, A., Tylee, K., Barr, E., 2008: Lithogeochemical and Stratigraphic Controls on Gold Mineralization within the Metavolcanic Rocks of the Hoyle Pond Mine, Timmins. Economic Geology, 103, 1341 1363

Ivan, P., 1987: Hydrotermálne-metasomatické premeny v slovinsko-gelnickom rudnom poli. Mineralogicko-geochemický výskum sulfidickej mineralizácie ložiska Slovinky, Spišská Nová Ves: ŽB, 58-63

Ivan, P., 2009: Staropaleozoický bázický vulkanizmus Západných Karpát: geochémia a geodynamická pozícia. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comeniae, Monografická séria, 94s. ISBN 978-80-223-2551-6

Plissart, G., Féménias, O., Mãruntiu, M., Diot, H., and Demaiffe, D., 2009. Mineralogy and Geothermometry of gabbro-derived listvenites in the Tisovia-Iuti ophiolite, southwestern Romania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 81-105

Sazonov, V. N., 1975: Listvenitizacija i orudenenije. Moskva, Nauka, 1-171

Sazonov, V. N., 1978: Chrom v gidrotermal´nom processe. (Na primere Urala). Moskva, Nauka, 1-286

Zharikov, V. A., Pertsev N. N., Rusinov V. L., Callegari E. and Fettes D.J., 2007: Metasomatism and metasomatic rocks. Recommendations by the IUGS Subcommission on the Systematics of Metamorphic Rocks. [cit. 2014-02-22]. Available online:



  • There are currently no refbacks.