Radiomonitoring of the Opole industrial district

Piotr Godyń, Maria Zielińska, Agnieszka Dołhanczuk-Śródka, Zbigniew Ziembik


The metallurgic industry is one of the main sources of environmental pollution. It emits dust which include manganese oxides, iron oxides, zinc and lead which are deposited in  soil.

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the local metallurgical industry on soil contamination with metals released during the processing using Pb-210 as a contamination monitor. Soil samples were collected from 19 sites located around the city of Opole industrial zone which consists, for example, welding and galvanizing companies. In studies various types of sampling sites were taken into account, such as the forests, meadows, fields and allotment gardens. The activity measurements of Bi-214, Pb-214, Cs-137 and Pb-210 were performed using gamma spectrometer.

Using the properties of the latter isotope the local level of soil contamination was estimated. The results indicated that the metallurgical industry is not a source of environmental pollution in the immediate vicinity. Excess lead concentrations ranged from 1 to 100 Bq/kg d.m. and were not strongly correlated with the distances from the presumed source of contamination


air pollution; metallurgical industry; Pb-210

Full Text:



Balkhyour M.A. & Goknil M.K., 2010. Total fume and metal concentrations during welding in selected factoried in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7, 2978–2987.

Bem E.M., Bem H. & Wieczorkowski P., 1998. Studies of radionuclide concentrations in surface soils in and around fly ash disposal sites. Science of the Total Environment, 220, 215–222.

Biernacka M., Isajenko K. & Lipiński P., 2005. Monitoring stężenia 137Cs w glebie w latach 2004–2006. [in:] Informacje o wynikach działalności statutowej w 2005 roku, Centralne Laboratorium Ochrony Radiologicznej, 18–19.

Brown R., Gonzales C., Hooper M., Bayat A., Fornette A., Mcbride T., Longoria T. & Mielke H., 2008. Soil lead(Pb) in residential transects through Lubbock, Texas: a preliminary assessment. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 30, 541–547.

Campbell J.R., Rosier R.N., Novotny L. & Puzas J.E., 2004. The association between environmental lead exposure and bone density in children. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112, 1200–1203.

Dartey E., Adimado A.A. & Agyarko K., 2010. Evaluation of airborne lead levels in storage battery workshops and some welding environments in Kumasi metropolis in Ghana. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 164, 1–8.

Dołhańczuk-Śródka A., Ziembik Z., Wacławek M. & Hyš-plerova L., 2007. Badanie aktywności radiocezu na obszarze transgranicznym polsko-czeskim. Proceedings of ECOpole, 1, 1, 113–118.

Godyń P., Zielińska M., Dołhańczuk-Śródka A. & Ziembik Z., 2013. Study of the excessive Pb-210 content in soil. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering A, 20, 11, 1317–1325.

Herranz M., Roza S., Pérez C., Idoeta R., Núñez-Lagos R. & Legarda F., 2010. Effective dose in the manufacturing process of rutile covered welding electrodes. Journal of Radiological Protection, 33, 213–226.

Korobova E.M. & Romanov S.L., 2009. A Chernobyl 137Cs contamination study as an example for the spatial structure of geochemical fields and modeling of the geochemical field structure. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory systems, 99, 1, 1–8.

Murphy A.B., 2010. The effects of metal vapour in arc welding. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 43, doi: 10.1088/0022-3727/43/43/434001.

Wołkowicz S. & Strzelecki R., 2002. Geochemia poczarnobylskiego cezu w glebach i roślinach anomalii opolskiej. Przegląd Geologiczny,50, 941–944.

Yang Y., Li S., Bi X., Wu P., Liu T., Li F. & Liu C., 2010. Lead, Zn and Cd in slags, stream sediments and soils in an abandoned Zn smelting region, southwest of China, and Pb and S isotopes as source tracers. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10, 1527–1539.



  • There are currently no refbacks.