• Iwona Sulima Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Technology, Krakow, Poland
  • Paweł Hyjek Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Technology, Krakow, Poland




ball-on-disc method, friction coefficient, wear rate, composite


The friction coefficient and wear behavior of 316L austenitic stainless steel and 316L steel + 8vol% TiB2 + 1vol% B composites were investigated within a temperature range of 20°C to 800°C. The materials were prepared by the powder metallurgy method. The wear behavior was studied by using a ball-on-disc wear tester at room temperature. The surface before and after wear tests
was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that the friction coefficient and wear resistance of stel-8TiB2-1B composites depend on the wear test conditions.


Download data is not yet available.


Hebda M., Wachal A.: Trybologia. Wydawnictwo Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa 1980

Płaza S., Margielewski L., Celichowski G.: Wstęp do tribologii i tribochemia. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź 2005

Vardavoulias M., Jouanny-Tresy C., Jeandin M.: Sliding-wear behaviour of ceramic particle-reinforced high-speed steel obtained by powder metallurgy. Wear, 165, 2 (1993), 141–149

Akhtar F.: Microstructure evolution and wear properties of in situ synthesized TiB2 and TiC reinforced steel matrix composites. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 459 (2008), 491–497

Velasco F., Gordo E., Isabel R., Ruiz-Navas E.M., Bautista A., Torralba J.M.: Mechanical and wear behaviour of high-speed steels reinforced with TiCN particles. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 19 (2001), 319–323

Niranjan K., Lakshminarayanan P.R.: Dry sliding wear behaviour of in situ Al-TiB2 composites. Materials and Design, 4 (2013), 167–173

Darabara M., Papadimitriou G.D., Bourithis L.: Tribological evaluation of Fe-B-TiB2 metal matrix composites. Surface and Coatings Technology, 202, 2 (2007), 246–253

Zhang Z., Chen Y., Zhang Y., Gao K., Zuo L., Qi Y.: Tribology characteristics of ex-situ and in-situ tungsten carbide particles reinforced iron matrix composites produced by spark plasma sintering. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 704 (2017), 260–268

Pagounis E., Lindroos V.K., Talvitie M.: Influence of reinforcement volume fraction and size on the microstructure and abrasion wear resistance of hot Isostatic pressed white iron matrix composites. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 27, 12 (1996), 4171–4181

Ashok K.S., Karabi D.: The abrasive wear resistance of TiC and (Ti,W)C-reinforced Fe-17Mn austenitic steel matrix composites. Tribology International, 43 (2010), 944–950

Sulima I., Jaworska L., Wyżga P., Perek-Nowak M.: The influence of reinforcing particles on mechanical and tribological properties and microstructure of the steel-TiB2 composites. Journal of Achievements in

Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 48, 1 (2011), 52–57

Tjong S.C., Lau K.C.: Sliding wear of stainless steel matrix composite reinforced with TiB2 particles. Materials Letters, 4, 4 (1999), 153–158

Tjong S.C., Lau K.C.: Abrasion resistance of stainless-steel composites reinforced with hard TiB2 particles. Composites Science and Technology, 60, 8 (2000), 1141–1146

Sulima I., Figiel P., Kurtyka P.: Austenitic stainless steel-TiB2 composities obtained by HP-HT method. Composities. Theory and Practice, 4 (2012), 245–250

ISO 20808:2004 – Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics) – Determination of friction and wear characteristics of monolithic ceramics by ball-on-disc method

Meozzi M.: Special use of the ball on disc standard test. Tribology International, 39, 6 (2006), 496–505

Shackelford J.F., Alexander W.: CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, Third Edition, CRC Press, 2001




How to Cite

Sulima, I., & Hyjek, P. (2018). EFFECT OF TEST CONDITIONS ON WEAR PROPERTIES OF STEEL-MATRIX COMPOSITES. Metallurgy and Foundry Engineering, 43(4), 269. https://doi.org/10.7494/mafe.2017.43.4.269