Geotouristic attractions of the Klyuchevskoy group volcanoes, North Kamchatka, Russia

Marek Łodziński

Abstract


The paper describes the geotouristic valours of the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes in the Northern Kamchatka. The relationships are presented between the Kamchatka and the recent boundaries of crustal plates, then the genesis and the structure are explained of the Koryak-Kamchatka volcanic belt. The geotectonic position of Kamchatka as a part of the “Circumpacific Ring of Fire” enables us to recognize the manifestations of the recent volcanism (shield volcanoes, stratovolcanoes, lava domes, calderas, ignimbrites, lahars, gas and vapour exhalations, native sulphur encrustations). Apart from volcanic activity, the exceptional tourist value of the Northern Kamchatka is the highmountain relief shaped by glaciers, weathering and river erosion.

Keywords


Kamchatka; volcanoes: Klyuchevskoy, Krestovsky, Ushkovsky, Kamen, Bezymianny, Zimina, Bolshaya Udina, Tolbachik; stratovolcanoes; shield volcanoes; extrusive domes; lava flows

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bocharova N.Y., Golonka J., Meisling K.E., 1995. Tectonic evolution and sedimentary basins of the eastern regions of Russia. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 79: 580.

Bogoyavlenskaya G.Y., Torley R., 1982. 25 years of activity at Bezymianny. Volcano News, 13: 6-7.

Didenko A., Harbert W., Stavsky A., 1993. Paleomagnetism of Khatyrka and Maynitsky superterranes, Koryak Highlands, far eastern Russia. Tectonophysics, 220: 141–156.

Erlich E., 1986. Geology of calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. Open-File Report 86-291, US Dept. of the Interior- Geological Survey: 165-170.

Fedotov S.A., Markhinin Ye.K., 1983. The great Tolbachik fissure eruption. Cambridge Univ. Press, New York, 341 pp.

Fedotov S.A., Masurenkov Yu.P., 1991. Active volcanoes of Kamchatka. Vol. 1. Nauka, Moscow, 300 pp.

Filatov S.K., Vergasova L.P., Gorskaya M.G., Krivovichev S.V., Burns P.C., Ananiev V.V., 2001. Bradaczekite, NaCu4(AsO4)3, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Min., 39: 1115-1119.

Gaedicke C., Baranov B., Seliverstov N., Alexeiev D., Tsukanov N., Freitag R., 2000. Structure of an active arc-continent collision area: the Aleutian– Kamchatka junction. Tectonophysics, 325: 63-85.

Golonka J., Bocharova N.Y., Ford D., Edrich M.E., Bednarczyk J., Wildharber J., 2003. Paleogeographic reconstructions and basins development of the Arctic. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 20: 211-248.

Gorbatov A., Kostoglodov V., Suarez G., Gordeev E., 1997. Seismicity and structure of the Kamchatka subduction zone. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 102: 17833–17898.

Gushchenko I.I., 1979. Eruptions of world volcanoes. Catalogue. Nauka, Moscow, 475 pp.

Konstantinovskaia E.A., 2000. Geodynamics of an Early Eocene arc–continent collision reconstructed from the Kamchatka Orogenic Belt, NE Russia. Tectonophysics, 325: 87-105.

Konstantinovskaia E.A., 2001. Arc-continent collision and subduction reversal in the Cenozoic evolution of the Northwest Pacific: an example from Kamchatka (NE Russia). Tectonophysics, 333: 75-94.

Kozhurin A., Acocella V., Kyle P.R., Lagmay F.M., Melekestsev I.V., Ponomareva V., Rust D., Tibaldi A., Tunesi A., Corazzato C., Rovida A., Sakharov A., Tengonciang A., Uy H., 2006. Trenching studies of active faults in Kamchatka, eastern Russia: Palaeoseismic, tectonic and hazard implications. Tectonophysics, 417: 285–304.

Kozhurin A.I., 2004. Active faulting at the Eurasian, North American and Pacific plates junction. Tectonophysics, 380: 273-285.

Krivovichev S.V., Vergasova L.P., Starova G.L., Filatov S.K., Britvin S.N., Roberts A.C., Steele I.M., 2002. Burnsite, KCdCu7O2(SeO3)2Cl9, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Min., 40: 1171-1175.

Kuczyński A., 2007. Syberia. 400 lat polskiej diaspory. Wyd. Kubajak, Krzeszowice, 544 pp.

Kuzmin V.I., Chekhonin A.P., 1980. On the Precambrian age of gneisses in the Kamchatka massif. Dokl. AN SSSR, 251: 932-935.

Levashova N.M., Bazhenov M.L., Shapiro M.N., 1997. Late Cretaceous paleomagnetism of the East Ranges island arc complex. Kamchatka: implications for terrane movements and kinematics of the northwest. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 102: 24843–24857.

Łodziński, M., 2008. Geotouristic attractions of the Klyuchevskoy group volcanoes, Kamchatka orogenic belt, NE Russia”. IV International Conference – Geotour 2008, 26-28.06.08, Kraków, Poland – Book of abstracts, AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, IAGt – International Association for Geotourism: 37-39.

Marhinin E.K., Stratula D.S., 1973. Relationship between chemical composition of volcanic rocks and depth of the seismofocal layer as shown by the Kliuchevskaya volcanic group (Kamchatka) and the Kurile-Kamchatka island arc. Bull. of Volcanology, 37: 175-182.

Parfenov L.M., Natapov L.M., Sokolov S.D., Tsukanov N.V., 1993. Terranes and accretionary tectonics of Northeastern Asia. Geotectonics, 27: 62–72.

Portnyagin M., Hoernle K., Plechov P., Mironov N., Khubunaya S., 2007. Constraints on mantle melting and composition and nature of slab components in volcanic arcs from volatiles (H2O, S, Cl, F) and trace elements in melt inclusions from the Kamchatka Arc. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 255: 53–69.

Simkin T., Siebert L., 1994. Volcanoes of the World. Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 pp.

Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Laajoki K.V.O., Krivenko A.P., Podlipskiy M., 2000. The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 38: 1251-1264.

Turner S., McDermott F., Hawkesworth C., Kepezhinskas P., 1998. A Useries study of lavas from Kamchatka and the Aleutians: constraints on source composition and melting processes. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 133: 217-234.

Vergasova L.P., Krivovichev S.V., Britvin S.N., Burns P.C., Ananiev V.V., 2004. Filatovite, K[(Al, Zn)2(As, Si)2O8], a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. Eur. J. Min., 16: 533-536.

Vlodavetz V.I., Piip B.I., 1959. Catalog of active volcanoes of the world. Part VIII, Kamchatka and continential areas of Asia. Rome, IAVCEI, 8: 110.

Zonenshain L.P., Kuzmin M.I., Natapov L.M., 1990. Geology of the USSR: A plate-tectonic synthesis. In B.M. Page (Ed.), Geodynamice series 21. Washington, DC: America Geophysical Union, 149-167.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7494/geotour.2010.20.51

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)