An Evaluation of Combustion Kinetics for the Synthesis Reaction of the Reinforcing Phase During Casting Phase During Casting




The computer modeling of the solidification process in castings with local composite reinforcement (LCR) obtained as a result of in situ reactions of self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) is difficult due to limited data on the thermo-physical parameters of exothermic effects and the kinetics of the synthesis reaction. In the present study, Hadfield cast steel casting was manufactured with LCR containing titanium carbide particles obtained in situ by the SHS method. Reaction kinetics of titanium carbide synthesis in the composite casting were determined on the basis of temperature measurements in the area of LCR during the process. For the estimation of the reaction, the Fourier Thermal Analysis method was used. The paper presents the results of temperature measurement and the results of the calculation of SHS reaction kinetics. It was found that the reaction time under the conditions of the analyzed casting is below 3 s.


Download data is not yet available.


Olejnik E., Szymański Ł., Tokarski T., Opitek B. & Kurtyka P. (2019). Local composite reinforcements of TiC/FeMn type obtained in situ in steel castings. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 19(4), 997–1005.

Olejnik E., Szymański Ł., Batóg P., Tokarski T. & Kurtyka P. (2020). TiC-FeCr local composite reinforcements obtained in situ in steel casting. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 275(1), 116157.

Olejnik E., Tokarski T., Sikora G., Sobula S., Maziarz W., Szymański Ł. & Grabowska B. (2019). The Effect of Fe Addition on Fragmentation Phenomena, Macrostructure, Microstructure, and Hardness of TiC-Fe Local Reinforcements Fabricated in situ in Steel Casting. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials, 50A(2), 975–986.

Sobula S., Olejnik E., Sikora G. & Tokarski T. Strefy kompozytowe uzyskane metodą syntezy in situ w staliwie. Konferencja naukowa „Staliwo – nowe wyzwania przemysłowe”, 18–19 April 2013, Kraków.

Ignaszak Z. & Popieralski P. (2003). Właściwości termofizyczne otulin izolacyjno-egzotermicznych oznaczane metodą zagadnień odwrotnych. Archiwum Odlewnictwa, 3(9), 209–220.

Ignaszak Z. & Prunier J.-B. (2017). Innovative Laboratory Procedure to Estimate Thermophysical Parameters of Iso--exo Sleeves. Archives of Foundry Engineering, 17(1), 67–72.

Fraś E., Kapturkiewicz W., Burbelko A. & Lopez H.F. (1993). A New Concept in Thermal Analysis of Castings. AFS Transactions, 101, 505–511.

Fraś E., Kapturkiewicz W., Burbelko A. & Lopez H.F. (1997). Numerical simulation and Fourier thermal analysis of solidification kinetics in high-carbon Fe-C alloys. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 28(1), 115–123. Doi: 10.1007/s11663-997-0134-z

Emadi D. & Whiting L.V. (2002). Determination of Solidification Characteristics of Al-Si Alloys by Thermal Analysis. AFS Transactions, 110, 285–296.

Gonzalez-Rivera C., Campillo B., Castro M., Herrera M. & Juarez-Islas J.A. (2000). On the Local Microstructural Characteristics Observed in Sand Cast Al-Si Alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: A, A279, 149–159.

Gonzalez-Rivera C., Cruz H., Garcia A. & Juarez-Islas J.A. (1999). The Effect of Heat Transfer on Local Solidification Kinetics of Eutectic Al-Si Cast Alloy. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 8(1), 103–110.

Djurdjevic M.B., Odanovic Z. & Talijan N. (2011). Characterization of the Solidification Path of AlSi5Cu (l–4 wt.%) Alloys Using Cooling Curve Analysis. JOM, 63(11), 51–57.

Moraru L. (2000). Fourier Thermal Analysis of Solidification Kinetics in Molten Aluminium and in Presence of Ultrasonic Field. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 50(10), 1125–1132.

Piasentini F., Bonollo F. & Tiziani A. (2005). Fourier thermal analysis applied to sodium eutectic modification of an ALSI7 alloy. Metallurgical Science and Technology, 23(2), 11–20.

Han Z., Pan H., Li Y., Luo A.A. & Sachdev A.K. (2015). Study on Pressurized Solidification Behavior and Microstructure Characteristics of Squeeze Casting Magnesium Alloy AZ91D. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 46(1), 328–336.

Cruz H., Ramirez-Argaez M., Juarez A., Garcia A. & González-Rivera C. (2009). Fourier Thermal Analysis of the Eutectic Formed in Pb-Sn Alloys, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 18(5), 441–445.

Baez J.C., Gonzalez C., Chavez M.R., Castro M. & Juarez J. (2004). Fourier Thermal Analysis of the Solidification Kinetics in A356/SiCp Cast Composites. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 153(SI), 531–536.

Svidro J.T., Dioszegi A. & Toth J. (2014). The Novel Application of Fourier Thermal Analysis in Foundry Technologies. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 115(1), 331–338.

Toth J., Svidro J.T., Dioszegi A. & Stevenson D. (2016). Heat Absorption Capacity and Binder Degradation Characteristics of 3D Printed Cores Investigated by Inverse Fourier Thermal Analysis. International Journal of Metalcasting, 10(3), 306–314.




How to Cite

Wiktor, T., Sobula, S., Burbelko, A., & Ptasznik, M. (2020). An Evaluation of Combustion Kinetics for the Synthesis Reaction of the Reinforcing Phase During Casting Phase During Casting. Journal of Casting &Amp; Materials Engineering, 4(2), 23–28.